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連云港英語翻譯公司

太平山

連云港英語翻譯公司

  Victoria Peak is a mountain  in Hong Kong. It is also documented as The Peak locally, and Mount Austin. The mountain is located in the western half of the Hong Kong Island. With an altitude of 552 m (1,810 ft), it is the highest mountain on the island, although far from the highest Tai Mo Shan in the territory. It is also known to have the highest land value in the world, with many of the Super-Rich residing here. Because of its view, history and spectacular location Victoria Peak is strongly attached with an air of prestige.

  The actual summit of Victoria Peak is occupied by a radio telecommunications facility and is closed to the public. However the surrounding area comprises a mixture of publicly accessible parkland, and high value residential land, and it is this area that is normally meant by the name The Peak. The Peak offers spectacular views over central Hong Kong, the harbor and surrounding islands, and is a major tourist attraction.

  太平山為香港的一山峰,海拔552米,是香港島的最高峰。太平山是一個著名旅遊景點。

  History

  The early history of the Peak was driven by the breezes and generally cooler temperatures which could be found there during Hong Kong's sub-tropical summers, especially in the days before air conditioning was generally available. This made the area a desirable retreat for Hong Kong's more affluent residents. The summer home of GovernorSir Richard MacDonnell was built there around 1868. Other wealthy residents followed suit.

  The original residents reached their homes by sedan chair, which were carried up and down the steep paths by their personal staff of uniformed bearers. The difficulty of access limited the development of the Peak, a situation that would remain until the opening of the Peak Tramfunicular railway in 1888.

  The boost to accessibility given by the opening of the Peak Tram increased the demand for residences on the Peak. Between 1904 and 1930, the Peak Reservation Ordinance designated the Peak as an exclusive residential area reserved for Europeans and government officials, as well as reserving the Peak Tram for the use of such passengers during peak periods. The Peak remains an upmarket residential area, although residency today is controlled by wealth rather than race.

  在開埠初期,由于交通不便,要靠轎子上山,故當時居住山頂的人士不多,1880年只有約40戶。隨后因為山頂景色優美,氣溫清涼,所以逐漸吸引了更多的外籍人士居住。為滿足交通需求,山頂纜車于1888年通車。其后于1904年,港英政府禁止華人在山頂居住,直至1947年才廢止。

  1867年,當時香港總督麥當奴選址山頂設立避暑別墅,即總督山頂別墅。該別墅曾于1902年重建,但從1930年起開始停用,隨后在日統治時期遭到破壞,最后在1946年拆除,只剩下守衛室,原址用做山頂公園。

  此外,1873年,山頂酒店落成啟用,酒店經營者即是其后提出興建山頂纜車建議的亞歷山大.芬梨.史密夫。然而,酒店于1938年因火焚毀,之后一直未有重建。該處其后成為巴士總站,1990年才改建為山頂廣場。


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